Five demerits (ca. 1899).

Only institution-approved rubber stamps, pasted labels, and other official markings were permitted in the books from the library of Toby’s Practical Business College. Mutilating, defacing, or returning this book in less than satisfactory order will earn you five (count that, 5) demerits and you will be charged a fee of 75 cents.

Edward Toby’s college was located in Waco, Texas. The stamps and marking in this book date from ca. 1905. The grammar is by M. D. Mugan and John S. Collins, entitled A new graded method in English grammar, letter writing and composition (St. Louis: The Ingerson Publishing Co., ca. 1899).

John: I sell my books to William, for gentlemen in Utica (1839).
When did sentence diagramming first appear in print? The answer is not exactly clear. Many point to Stephen Watkins Clark’s 1847 classic A Practical Grammar… Illustrated by a Complete System of Diagrams as the origin of this innovation, but was it? Here we have one of the three sentence diagrams from Oliver Beale Peirce’s The Grammar of the English Language (Buffalo: William B. Hayden, 1839) which appeared eight years earlier. Peirce’s grammar, with its own brand of grammatical terminology, never really took off like Clark’s book, but it certainly looks like it’s in the running for one of the earliest appearances of the sentence diagram.
Enjoy more sentence diagrams in A Parser’s Paradise.

John: I sell my books to William, for gentlemen in Utica (1839).

When did sentence diagramming first appear in print? The answer is not exactly clear. Many point to Stephen Watkins Clark’s 1847 classic A Practical Grammar… Illustrated by a Complete System of Diagrams as the origin of this innovation, but was it? Here we have one of the three sentence diagrams from Oliver Beale Peirce’s The Grammar of the English Language (Buffalo: William B. Hayden, 1839) which appeared eight years earlier. Peirce’s grammar, with its own brand of grammatical terminology, never really took off like Clark’s book, but it certainly looks like it’s in the running for one of the earliest appearances of the sentence diagram.

Enjoy more sentence diagrams in A Parser’s Paradise.

Ran out of paper (1585).
An early reader’s annotations ran long and continued on to the limp vellum binding of Manuel Álvares’ seminal work on Latin grammar, De Institutione Grammatica libri tres (Venice: Ex Unitorum Societate, 1585). Álvares’ grammar would become a standard work, reprinted (and translated) for centuries throughout Europe and across the globe. The first edition was printed in Lisbon, 1572.
See more annotated pages from this book.

Ran out of paper (1585).

An early reader’s annotations ran long and continued on to the limp vellum binding of Manuel Álvares’ seminal work on Latin grammar, De Institutione Grammatica libri tres (Venice: Ex Unitorum Societate, 1585). Álvares’ grammar would become a standard work, reprinted (and translated) for centuries throughout Europe and across the globe. The first edition was printed in Lisbon, 1572.

See more annotated pages from this book.

Young scholar and budding bibliophile immersed in her studies (1858).
One of the many delightful illustrations that accompany the German language learning book Lautir- und lesebuch, oder das lesenlernen nach dem laute der buchstaben nebst einer praktischen sprachlehre und einer sammlung kindlicher lesestücke (Cincinnati: Verlegt von Swormstedt & Poe, 1858). The Lautir method is a phonetics-based approach to teaching German. In addition to the phonetics section, the book includes a short practical grammar and a collection of children’s stories. Similarly titled books began appearing more than two decades earlier, but OCLC does not locate this Cincinnati imprint.

Young scholar and budding bibliophile immersed in her studies (1858).

One of the many delightful illustrations that accompany the German language learning book Lautir- und lesebuch, oder das lesenlernen nach dem laute der buchstaben nebst einer praktischen sprachlehre und einer sammlung kindlicher lesestücke (Cincinnati: Verlegt von Swormstedt & Poe, 1858). The Lautir method is a phonetics-based approach to teaching German. In addition to the phonetics section, the book includes a short practical grammar and a collection of children’s stories. Similarly titled books began appearing more than two decades earlier, but OCLC does not locate this Cincinnati imprint.